Most people choose to grow edible plants in their container gardens, because they don’t think of flowers or houseplants as being the same thing as container gardening . Many people with small gardens like to grow some fruit and vegetables opt for cultivation in containers on the patio.
You can grow many types of vegetables and herbs in containers, and a few types of fruit.

What are the easiest vegetables to grow in pots?


Planting Depth

  • 4-5 inches: chives, lettuce, radishes, other salad greens, basil, coriander.
  • 6-7 inches: bush beans, garlic, kohlrabi, onions, Asian greens, peas, mint, thyme.
  • 8-9 inches: pole beans, carrots, chard, cucumber, eggplant, fennel, leeks, peppers, spinach
  
Herbs are the most commonly grown edible plant for containers placed near the kitchen door where they can be picked when preparing meals. Herbs deserve to be grown in attractive containers either decorated, plain or bowl shaped terracotta pots.

Containers should not be too tall as most herbs are quite short plants. Terracotta suitable for herbs as it is porous material to stop the compost remaining wet for long periods.  Terracotta troughs make good containers for herbs or use as window boxes.

How do you grow herbs in pots?


  1. Select a pot. ...
  2. Prepare to plant. Fill the pot with potting soil or soilless mix, working in compost or composted manure; use about 1 cup of the amendment per 6-inch pot. ...
  3. Plant and water. Gently loosen the roots at the bottom of the soil ball and set it in the planting hole.

What herbs can be grown together?

You can grow herbs in pots together as long as you remember two rules: avoid mixing those that like plenty of water (such as chivesmintchervilcorianderVietnamese coriander) with those that like a well-drained soil (such as rosemarythymesage, bay, and oregano)

Can you plant different herbs in the same pot?

Herbs in Containers. You can also plant multiple types of herbs in one pot. Chives, mint, basil, rosemary, cilantro, and a jalapeƱo pepper share a home in this long container on a deck near the kitchen door.

How often should you water your herbs?

Most herbs need about 4 hours of sunlight per day and on average watering should be done when the soil feels dry to the touch. Some herbs can be kept more moist such as Basil, others need to have soil dry completely between watering such as Lavender.

Vegetables come in second, and fruit isn’t grown in containers as often - probably because a lot of people think it would be too difficult to grow fruit in containers. Where possible grow attractive looking vegetables on the patio those with color or have pleasing feature.

What vegetables to grow at home?


  • Beans, Snap. Snap beans (also called string or green beans) have tender, fleshy pods. ...
  • Corn. Most kinds of corn do best in hot-summer areas, but early-maturing hybrid varieties will grow even in regions with cool summers. ...
  • Cucumbers. ...
  • Melons. ...
  • Peppers. ...
  • Squash. ...
  • Tomatoes. ...
  • Beets.

What are the easiest vegetables to grow in pots?


Some vegetables need particularly large pots to grow in a vegetable container garden. Standard-size tomatoes and such as cucumbers, will do best for you in containers 20 inches or more across. Peppers like pots at least 16 inches in diameter.

Fruit need warm, sunny, sheltered spot taking care with watering to ensure the compost does not dry out nor becomes excessively wet. Feed once a week from spring to summer using high potash fertilizer.  

Strawberries can make an attractive feature on a patio grown in tower pots a tall cylinder with pockets to plant strawberries in.   Strawberries are generally quite hardy, and can even be grown in special grow bags that can be hung on a   wall outdoors. 
  
Dwarf fruit trees can often be grown in large pots. Many smaller dwarf citrus trees grow nicely in pots, and if kept well-pruned they can make beautiful indoor decorations. Peaches, nectarines. lemons, oranges,  figs can be grown as dwarf pyramid or bush trees.

These tree's are tender and need to be kept in a frost free greenhouse or conservatory over winter.
  Many types of dwarf berry bushes will grow in containers, although they are usually very heavy and can’t be moved easily.  Dwarf varieties of blueberries and raspberries have been successfully grown in containers.

Which fruits can be grown in pots?



  • Lemon. USDA Zones— 8-11, *can be grown in cooler zones with care in winter. ...
  • Strawberries. USDA Zones— 3-10. ...
  • Apple. USDA Zones— 3-9. ...
  • Pomegranate. USDA Zones— 9-11, *can be grown in cooler zones with care in winter. ...
  • Fig. USDA Zones— 8-10. ...
  • Nectarines and Peaches. Dwarf bonanza peach tree. ...
  • Cherry. ...
  • Guava.

Can you grow fruit trees in a pot?

Even if you have limited space, you can still enjoy fresh fruit. Although not all fruit trees thrive in containers for long periods of time, you can grow any fruit tree in a container for a few years and then transplant it. You can also choose a dwarf variety, which is well suited to living in a container.

What dwarf fruit trees grow in containers?



  • Apple. On dwarfing root stock grown as dwarf bush or dwarf pyramid.
  • Fig. In pots, restricted root growth yields shorter fig plants loaded with fruit. ...
  • Grape. ...
  • Nectarine. ...
  • Peach. ...
  • Pineapple Guava. ...
  • Pomegranate. ...
  • Star Fruit.

Many varieties of herbs do well in containers. Parsley is perhaps the most popular herb for container growing Basil and chives are also extremely popular for growing in containers.  Cilantro can be grown successfully in containers.
  
In fact, almost all herbs can be grown successfully in containers.  The key is finding a large enough container. Some herbs can easily be grown in relatively small containers. Chives, parsley, and basil can all grow in small pots.
.   
But some plants grow a bit larger.  Sage, for example, is a bush.  It needs a pretty big pot.  Oregano also grows rather large, and needs a large container  Although technically a fruit, tomatoes are probably the most popular “vegetable” for home gardeners in general.  

Container gardeners are no exception, and they plant tomatoes in droves.  It’s probably due mostly to the fact that good tomatoes can be very difficult to find.  The tomatoes in most grocery stores are picked green and artificially ripened so they survive shipping without bruising and last longer on the shelves.
  
Most tomato varieties can be grown very well in containers, especially cherry tomatoesgrape tomatoes, tomatoes, and small salad tomatoes. Other plants that are commonly grown in containers include lettuce and other salad greenscucumberssquashes, many types of beans and peasradishescarrotsscallions, all type of peppers, and even corn and potatoes.
  
Most vegetables can be grown in containers if you use the proper procedure.you can easily grow most of  your  plants from seeds. if you’re growing plants indoors, you can sow directly into the pot if you like, but you’re growing plants indoors, you can sow directly into the pot if you like, but you can risk damaging delicate seedlings during thinning.
  
You should probably grow most of your plants from seedlings that you purchase locally, but you can also start your own seedlings indoors in smaller pots, and then transplant them into larger pots later.  It’s easier to start plants from seedlings when you can, but you may find a lot of satisfaction in starting your own.


https://www.amazon.com/dp/B004OTZOZY/ref=as_li_ss_il?psc=1&linkCode=li2&tag=gardeners06a-20&linkId=3a05825e3dba3bc2f6471a8ef882867b
You can also Plant Herbs indoors growing them during winter months
With Tower Pots.
https://www.amazon.com/Potter-Rectangular-Succulent-Planter-Planters/dp/B00LG0ZY6S/ref=as_li_ss_il?_encoding=UTF8&pd_rd_i=B00LG0ZY6S&pd_rd_r=81NRC41KRYGK6FX4KP18&pd_rd_w=VYh18&pd_rd_wg=q1frE&psc=1&refRID=81NRC41KRYGK6FX4KP18&linkCode=li2&tag=gardeners06a-20&linkId=7a76807218877425b05f34fec63f0f76
Use this Antique copper finish planter indoor on the coffee table or outdoor as a window box.
https://www.amazon.com/Dynamic-Design-RMT1604MZ-Premium-Monzonite/dp/B003T47CUA/ref=as_li_ss_il?_encoding=UTF8&pd_rd_i=B003T47CUA&pd_rd_r=ZJB3JRPK2KQ7MQFF98DW&pd_rd_w=7LDGC&pd_rd_wg=wM0x8&psc=1&refRID=ZJB3JRPK2KQ7MQFF98DW&linkCode=li2&tag=gardeners06a-20&linkId=6f5e5bd9e7cbb795906d7472e0c6d598
Lightweight planter enhance any patio as would dwarf apple tree or citrus bush.


Choosing the right container for a particular type of plant is critical to its success.  If you choose the wrong size pot, it could seriously stunt the growth of the plant.  You need to choose the right size of pot, but it’s almost as important to choose a container that’s made of the right material.  Different materials will work better in different situations.

There are reproductions of many classical styles Greek, Roman, Chinese, Italian, Victorian. Traditional materials are used like concrete, reconstituted stone, fibreglass, plastic, terracotta, wood, and clay.

Wooden Plant Containers


If you’re planning to grow a perennial plant, like a large bay bush, you might want to choose a large wooden container.  Wood is especially attractive for use in growing plants that will continue growing for more than one season, and plants that you intend to grow outdoors in a conspicuous location.
  
Wooden containers are best for larger plants, and for use in highly visible areas of your yard can be used as ornaments to create a particular mood or rustic atmosphere can be created in a English cottage garden by using wooden tubs or barrels as ornaments.

Wooden pots are generally one of the most expensive types of containers. Wooden pots may be expensive, but they’re extremely durable.

Be sure to get one that’s treated on the outside,with linseed oil but not on the inside.   If you get a pot that’s treated on the inside, you might end up with dangerous chemicals being leeched into the soil and making their way into your plants.  This can kill the plants.


Use a cloth to work the oil into the wood grain, rubbing back and forth. When the wood has absorbed the oil, leave it for ten minutes then wipe the excess off with a clean cloth. Untreated wood tends to take 2-3 coats, but if you're unsure just stop when the wood stops absorbing the oil.

Plastic pots are probably the most widely used type of pot for container gardening.  This is largely due to the fact that plastic pots are generally the cheapest.  But cheaper isn’t always better. 

If you only plant to attempt container gardening for one year, then plastic may be a very good option for you. But if you think you might want to have a container garden next year, you might want to stick with something a bit more durable.

You could be tempted to think certain plastic pots are durable because they’re harder or thicker than other plastic pots, but that’s not necessarily true.  If plastic is left outdoors in the elements for too long, it can start to warp and crack.  Cracked pots are of little use for anything!


Terracotta clay pots are the second most economical type of container.  They’re pretty cheap, but they are very delicate and do break quite easily.  They also don’t stand up very well to freezing temperatures, so you shouldn’t leave them out during the winter.

Fired ceramic pots are a pretty good choice.  They can be a bit delicate, but many of them are pretty durable They’re usually glazed on the outside for appearance, but are left unglazed on the inside. This is good since the glaze can damage plants if it leeches into the soil.

.
You can also make your own containers by using things you find around the house.  Most cheap plastic containers can work if they’re large enough for whatever you want to grow, as long as you cut drainage holes in the bottom.


Drainage Is Critical to Plant Health. A hole at the bottom of the container allows water in the soil to drain freely so adequate air is available for the roots. While various kinds of plants have differing drainage needs, few can tolerate sitting in stagnate water. Cover the holes with broken clay pots this allow excess water to escape.
.
Some good example containers are ideal for decorating the house with window boxes, hanging baskets, and other pendulous containers, wall mounted pots and baskets, lightweight tubs, and troughs
  
Some people even use bags of compost as their containers simply cutting a hole in the side of a bag of compost sowing seeds directly into exposed compost.   You don’t have to use standard purchased containers.  Almost any container can be used for growing plants as long as it is safe and allows the plants adequate drainage.

https://www.amazon.com/ONeillGifts-15114-Rustic-Barrel-Planter/dp/B012CLL6RK/ref=as_li_ss_il?s=lawn-garden&ie=UTF8&qid=1499771269&sr=1-26&keywords=wooden+barrel+planter&linkCode=li2&tag=gardeners06a-20&linkId=0ed93f5dabc7b54096081217b900f570
Attractive set of wooden plant containers for your container garden give extra splash color to brighten any back yard.



https://www.amazon.com/Susquehanna-MB17851-15-Inch-Outdoor-Planter/dp/B003KTZGYI/ref=as_li_ss_il?ie=UTF8&linkCode=li2&tag=gardeners06a-20&linkId=bd84b9d56a955d62563267ae737d3e27
Rustic Planter made from Western Red Cedar last for years two planters look nice either side of front doorway.



Your Plant Cannot Live by Water Alone

Don't be tempted by the first spring sunshine it may be freezing the following day. When the danger of night frost is over mid may bring your plants out of doors.
Before you start to plant up your pots or tubs, window boxes check if surplus water can be drained off. Most pots have holes in the bottom. If they are missing you should make your own drainage.
Put a layer of broken crocks or clay pellets on the bottom. Next fill the pot loosely with good potting soil do not use soil from the garden.
In the open plants will be able to take up sufficient nutrients, but in a pot the roots have only limited space to develop. The nutrients in the fresh potting soil will have been taken up within four weeks so you should regularly feed the plants.
There are fertilizers which contain all the necessary nutrients for your plants follow the directions as regards the dosage. You all so need to check regularly that the soil does not dry out. Especially in warm weather be extremely careful.

How much water does a potted plant need?


These tips will make watering your potted plants easier:
  1. Use glazed pots to help prevent evaporation or place clay pots in another container.
  2. Apply a layer of mulch or rocks to the soil surface to slow moisture loss.
  3. Set up a drip irrigation system for watering outdoor potted plants.

When should you water your plants?

Watering Plants in the Morning. The very best time to water plants is in the early morning, while it is still cool. This will allow the water to run down into the soil and reach the roots of the plant without too much excess water lost to evaporation.

Can you water plants during the day?

It is a piece of advice that has been followed by generations of gardeners - never water your plants in the full glare of the midday sun. But new research has contradicted the widely-held belief that watering in direct sunlight can cause leaves to suffer from unsightly "leaf burn".

How do you re pot a plant?

  1. Choose the pots. Make certain there are one or more holes in the bottom of your container to allow water to flow out freely. ...
  2. Choose the potting mix. Do not use soil from the yard or garden. ...
  3. Choose the plants. Make “Right plant, right place” your motto. ...
  4. Prepare the pots. ...
  5. Pot the plant.

What is A Suitable Place

Most plants are not too demanding as regards their temporary shelter if a few conditions are met.
The surroundings should be frost proof and not too warm. A temperature of 5-10 degrees c is ideal for most varieties.
Non deciduous plants such as Chrysanthemum,  Citrus Trees require full day light so they best placed near a window or under a skylight. By giving them some fresh air from time to time not when its freezing you prevent disagreeable mold diseases.
Plants which do not hold their leaves in winter need less light. Fuchsias spend the winter in a dormant state if you store them in an almost dark cellar.
If your garden is not too wet, you can store Fuchsias in a pit provided the plants are well covered with soil.
You see that it is all less difficult than you may have thought. You have a suitable place in mind such as a shed or attic if it can be kept frost free. A conservatory will often be to warm a greenhouse would be ideal.

Overwintering

When the summer is at an end and the fall turns the foliage of trees and shrubs into the most beautiful colors the time has come to start thinking of winter storage of your patio and balcony plants.
Most varieties are of tropical or subtropical origin. You can not leave these plants outside. Even a single night frost can be disastrous to some varieties.
If your plants are hardy and planted in terracotta pots you should take the necessary measures however sturdy terracotta seems to be the pots are not frost proof.
When to bring your plants indoors not straight away after the summer or in early fall. Bringing them in too early does more harm than good, you should leave the plants outdoors as long as possible.
If you don't have too many plants and no planters or pots that are too heavy you can put them in the shed or garage for the time being if a night frost is expected that is if you are not own of a greenhouse or conservatory.
They can then be brought outside again the following day but beware not early in the morning for it might be freezing. When the weather really cold plants should be given a permanent place indoors until spring.
https://www.amazon.com/Santino-Self-Watering-Planter-Flower/dp/B00ZUQEQFE/ref=as_li_ss_il?s=lawn-garden&ie=UTF8&qid=1501757578&sr=1-122-spons&keywords=glazed+pottery+planters&psc=1&linkCode=li2&tag=gardeners06a-20&linkId=35e579567e1c2f06389c326447758e27
Self Watering Planter easy to use saves time use indoor or outdoor no more over watering killing plants.
https://www.amazon.com/Misco-1154-3-072-Watering-11-5-Inch/dp/B0013Z01SW/ref=as_li_ss_il?_encoding=UTF8&pd_rd_i=B0013Z01SW&pd_rd_r=KWW2BMS7X1K3A0AM4V9Z&pd_rd_w=ufmW4&pd_rd_wg=KpFSk&psc=1&refRID=KWW2BMS7X1K3A0AM4V9Z&linkCode=li2&tag=gardeners06a-20&linkId=84456f124021b944a5a6e7ce97fbcb0e
Attractive Self Watering Planter stops over watering having built in reservoir.
https://www.amazon.com/Espoma-AP8-8-Quart-Organic-Potting/dp/B002Y04TK6/ref=as_li_ss_il?_encoding=UTF8&pd_rd_i=B002Y04TK6&pd_rd_r=FVXX6CM2ZAQFJ8WXFGRV&pd_rd_w=ZP5pP&pd_rd_wg=zEKfC&psc=1&refRID=FVXX6CM2ZAQFJ8WXFGRV&linkCode=li2&tag=gardeners06a-20&linkId=339b3c0e3bdb13d7620f13e7bdf7d59f
Organic Natural Potting Mix grow beautiful plants in containers indoor and outdoor.

If you think that growing and caring for shrubs and plant's in tubs and planter's is a new hobby you are wrong.

Our ancestors discovered hundreds of years ago that oranges could very well bear fruit when planted in tubs. In summer they were placed outdoors. In winter taken indoors in a sheltered place called an orangery.

Its your decision how the container should look and of what material it should be made. Some people like synthetic material lightweight frost proof moderately priced.

Where as others prefer terracotta heavy, vulnerable the risk of breaking or damage by frost but so beautiful. There are people who rave about a classical wooden tub or planter.

You should not choose a planter or window box which is too small for your new acquisition.

Do not plant a dwarf lilac or a hydrangea in a pot which can barely hold the root ball. The root ball does not have enough room to develop and the consequence is stunted growth and eventual dying down. So choose a good sized tub, pot, or window box. This goes for all patio and balcony plants.


Varieties that can remain outside in winter.

Fortunately quite a lot of them fall under this category. Yet these plants and shrubs too require some extra care as they are more vulnerable in a pot than in the open ground. Especially in a prolonged period of frost the danger exists that they might dry out.

Terracotta pots are liable to freeze and crack. You can protect the root ball and the vulnerable terracotta by wrapping the pots in jute or straw or by covering them with fir branches.

See list of plants below.

Acer Palmatum  ( Japanese Maple )
Arum Italicum ( Italian Arum Lily )
Azalea
Blueberries
Buddleia Davidii  ( Butter Fly Bush)
Dwarf Shasta Daisy
Dianthus
Dryopteris Filix Mas  ( Male Fern )
False Acacia Robinia
Hibiscus Syriacus
Hosta
Hydrangea ( Hortensia )
Laurus Nobilis ( Sweet Bay )
Lavender
Lilies
Rose
Trailing Rosemary Capri
Scabiosa Columbaria
House Leek

Still by far the most popular fruit tomatoes offer a great challenge to the amateur gardener. For years amateurs have been content with perhaps five or six trusses of tomatoes of doubtful quality.

Now is the time to reach up to commercial yields. Grow tomatoes to 20 - 25 trusses which have a flavour to match. If you obtaining plants or raising from seed take care not to select plants with pests or disease present.

Two of my favourite varieties are Sun gold and Gardeners Delight. When your plant is ready to transplant to your  Aeroponic Rapid Root Starter Kit system it will have strong root system holding the compost together. It be a good idea to support your plant with string rather than canes because your plants will soon outgrow canes.

Wrap the string around the root ball or tie loosely around base of the stem.Tie the string to a strong roof member or use a hook and allow extra string to remain available. A solution temperature of 20 to 22 degrees will help your plant get off to good start will soon see the roots growing in the nutrient solution.

As the plant grows carefully train the leading shoot around the support string ensure the environment is light and warm but avoid too much direct sunlight in mid summer apply shading and provide plenty of ventilation to reduce humidity.

Your plants will produce side shoots below the leading stem and from a leaf joint. Gently pinch these out to retain only the leader. Older leaves about 1.5m  from the top of the plant should be removed.

When the plant runs out of headroom carefully release the support string from the roof member and allow the plant to layer from the excess string and re-tie. This way plants can be grown much longer than the headroom available.

Common Pests.   White fly. Seek this out early to effect control.

Aphids.  Probably more easy to control than white fly these will be found on the undersides of the leaf.

Red spider mite.  These pests not often attracted to tomatoes. If they do attack they can devastate the plants. Look out for them on the underside of the lower leaves.

Mildew.   This is difficult to control if you have it. The best approach is to grow only resistant varieties

Grey Mould.   Attacks were water is present. Usually due to conditions which are too cold or damp.

Useful Growing Hints.  As your plants grow pick the ripe fruit. Your plants will continue to flourish well into the fall. Indoor tomatoes can be sown in December to March using a heated propagator.

After transplanting into your Aeropnic Rapid Root Starter Kit do not permit night temperatures to fall below 10 c as tomatoes are very susceptible to the cold.

In practice this means planting out during February March if the greenhouse is heated or April May if unheated. After the initial start up dose go to full dose on the first solution change provided that you are happy the plants are growing vigorously.

If you are unsure use the start up dose again for a further period. Change the solution every 3-4 weeks. If you change the solution every 2 weeks results may be even more spectacular.